A designated leader improvises movement in place, very slowly and fluidly, as an individual, a small group, or the whole class focuses on following the movements exactly and simultaneously, as if a mirror.

Example National Core Art Standard Alignment (opens in new window)


Anchor Standard 2:

Organize and develop artistic ideas and work.


Anchor Standard 8:

Interpret intent and meaning in artistic work.

Curriculum Integration Ideas

  1. Students can use Mirrors to express key vocabulary in texts (English Language Arts).
  2. Students can use Mirrors to experience human struggles in history (Social Studies).
  3. Students can use Mirrors to interpret the mood of music  (Music).
  4. Students can use Mirrors to represent geometric shapes and principals (Math).
teacher dancing with students
“Hokey Pokey” Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images

Differentiation Ideas


Students who are developing physical control can mirror while sitting down. The teacher serves as the leader while the rest of the class mirrors full body movement, but remaining in their seats. The leader moves only one body part at a time.


Individual students can serve as the leader with a group or partner. Students can also work in small groups of four, in a diamond shape, with rotating leaders as the group makes a quarter turn to face a new direction, thus following a new leader. Mirroring can be a part of a group’s dance composition.

Mirror Strategy Handout