Formatting for a Plan B (Research Paper)

Title Page


Table of Contents

Chapter 1 – Introduction

  • Background about why you chose this topic (optional)
  • Statement of problem
  • Purpose (what is the need and the research questions to be addressed for a study or practical issue to be addressed by the capstone)
  • Limitations of the study or project

Chapter 2 – Literature Review

  • Introduction (overview of topic areas)
  • Review of previous research
  • Summary and critique
  • Conclusions (summarize the major findings of the literature review)

Chapter 3 – Methodology/Methods

  • Overview (who, what, where, when, how, etc.)
  • Research questions
  • Arrangements for conducting the project (how did you set it up?)
  • Description of participants (who and why you selected them)
  • Data collection (what you did and how you kept records, i.e. journals, student work, questionnaires, interviews, observations of participants, etc.)
  • Analysis of data (how did you analyze your data?)

Chapter 4 – Findings

  • What were the major things you found out?
  • Were there foreseen as well as unforeseen outcomes?
  • Discussion of findings (what do the findings mean to you?
  • How do your findings connect to the research literature?)

Chapter 5 – Conclusions and Recommendations

The brief concluding chapter will summarize the major findings of the research study/project, discuss implications and/or lessons learned for you as a professional. Also you may include recommendations for the field.


Cite all works you referred to and other important sources using APA style.


Assign titles to each appendix entry by beginning with: Appendix A followed by a description of the entry, e.g. Appendix A: Student Interview Questionnaire, Appendix B: Student Observation Instrument, and so on depending on the number of entries in the appendix of your paper.